Friday, 17 May 2019

Can HIV Infection Increases the Risk of Death Associated with Depressive Symptoms

According to a study, the patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) incur a higher chance of dying from depressive symptoms compared to patients without HIV. Depression affects approximately 20-40% of HIV patients making it the most frequently reported mental health condition in people living with the virus. Depressive disorders have previously been linked to augmented mortality in people with chronic diseases, including heart disease, end-stage renal disease and diabetes.

These comorbidities have made the management of any of the following conditions really challenging for caregivers and even more challenging for patients. Patients are subjects of many drug-drug interactions and adverse drug reactions since these patients often have to use multiple medications. Another way the disorder is impacting the healthcare system is increased labor and institutional cost. While it true that depression presents with many other pathological disorders for which numerous studies have confirmed, the association between depression and infectious diseases on the other hand has not been extensively studied.

Recently, in a study aimed to investigate the link among the wide range of depressive disorders or symptoms, HIV status of a patient and mortality, scientists discovered that symptoms of depression are associated with death among veterans with HIV but not among those without HIV infection.

The researchers were able to gather data from participants of the Veteran’s Aging Cohort Study. The researchers were able to compare the risk of death among Veterans who were depressed to those not suffering with depression. They then studied the relationship between depression and death among those infected with HIV to those without HIV. Depression was measured in two ways using depressive symptoms questionnaire and clinical diagnostic codes.

Among those with HIV infection, they were able to discover a 23% increased mortality risk associated with elevated depressive symptoms ascertained by the questionnaire but no significantly increased mortality risk when depression was ascertained by the codes. For HIV-uninfected people, there was a 6% increased mortality risk associated with depressive disorders measured by the codes but no significant increased mortality risk for elevated depressive symptoms assessed by the questionnaire.

It is important to screen for and treat depression particularly among those living with HIV due to the observation that important therapeutic progress, improved life-expectancy, and improved quality of life have been made through intervention with lifesaving antiretroviral. The results of their findings strengthened the need to assess and treat depressive symptoms and major depressive disorder in patients with and without HIV infection with the aim of reducing mortality risk. The researchers were able to discover the clinical guidelines recommending routine screening for depressive symptoms, there is varying success in implementation resulting in under diagnosis of depression among people with HIV infection.

Friday, 10 May 2019

Are pickles good for you?

We all know that Pickling is an ancient food preservation technique. People can make pickles from almost any food. People preserve some pickles in fermented brine that contains beneficial bacteria, which means they can be a good addition to a healthful diet. Fermented pickles offer more health benefits than other. Even unfermented pickles are rich in vitamins such as vitamin K and vitamin A.
Pickles are fat-free and low in calories, except sodium they are low in other nutrients. People with high BP or cardiovascular health issues may want to avoid pickles.

The main benefit of pickles is that some pickles contain beneficial bacteria. People use brine to make pickles. Brine is water mixed with salt or vinegar which is an acid. Fermented brine contains good bacteria that may benefit for health. Fermented pickles acts like probiotics, they are protecting the body's microbiome and supporting the growth of healthful bacteria in the gut.
The stomach contains millions of bacteria that help the body digest and absorb food items. These bacteria may prevent yeast infections, help with constipation and diarrhea and potentially aid the treatment of chronic stomach health issues, like Crohn's disease. Fermented pickles are probiotic-rich, so they may prevent minor stomach issues and improves digestion.

Some limited research suggests that probiotics may offer other health benefits, like:
Reducing symptoms of anxiety & depression  
Reducing urinary tract infections
Managing diabetes
Preventing allergicDiseases
Treating gingivitis & cavities
Lowering the risk of some cancers, i:e; Colon Cancer

 Benefits of pickles
In addition to fermented pickles containing probiotics, pickles may offer these other health benefits:

1. Restoring electrolyte balance
Electrolytes are those salts that the body needs for healthy functioning. When a person experiences dehydration, they also lose electrolytes from body. Pickles are high in sodium so they are also high in electrolytes. Theoretically, this suggests that pickle juice might be an option for restoring electrolytes to people who are dehydrated or having illness like fever or vomiting.

2. Treating muscle cramps
Previous researches suggest that pickles may help with muscle cramps. Researchers electrically induced muscle cramps in well-hydrated men once and then again a week later. They found that participants who drank pickle juice rapidly gained relief from their cramps. They get to know that deionized water did not offer the same benefits, which means that electrolytes and hydration status alone did not explain the result. This suggests that somethingelse about pickles may help them with muscle cramps.  
3. Controlling blood sugar 
Pickles that consist of vinegar-based brine may help control blood glucose level. Stable blood glucose levels can help prevent intense hunger. Preventing blood glucose spikes is also critical to the health of a diabetic patient. However, people who are interested in a relatively easy way to help control blood sugar could consider eating pickles or other vinegar-rich food with meals.
4. Providing antioxidants
Similarly Vegetable and fruit pickles contain antioxidants. Studies in research have shown that antioxidants can counteract the effects of free radicals. Free radicals are chemicals in the body that might play a role in the development of a wide variety of health issues. These may include inflammation, cancer, heart disease and various chronic diseases. Free radicals many also contribute to the aging.

Friday, 3 May 2019

The impact of malnutrition on childhood infections

Almost half of all childhood deaths worldwide occur in children with malnutrition, predominantly in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. This review summarizes the mechanisms by which malnutrition and serious infections interact with each other and with children's environments. This study involving not only lack of nutrients, but also other risk factors such as exposure to pathogens, lack of access to healthcare and poverty. This focusses on under nutrition among children in low and middle-income countries, with a focus on diarrhoea and pneumonia, the other commonest childhood life-threatening infections worldwide. 

Malnutrition is deficiency, excess or imbalance in a person's intake of energy and/or specific nutrients in relation to their requirements. Recently there has been increased focus on the use of mid-upper arm circumference by which provides better predictive value for mortality. However, cut offs to define malnutrition by MUAC based on its relationship with infectious disease or mortality outcomes had only been validated and used amongst children aged 6–59 months. Severe malnutrition can also be defined by the presence of kwashiorkor, a syndrome that is characterized by nutritional oedema, skin depigmentation, inflammation, sloughing etc.

Malnutrition may result in to a diet low in energy or specific nutrients, a wide range of antenatal & postnatal environmental exposures, acute infection, chronic illness or psychosocial neglect. Child malnutrition is the single and biggest contributor to under-five mortality due to greater susceptibility to infections and slow recovery from illness.

Children who do not reach their optimum height or consistently experience sessions of weight loss during childhood are affected in the long term infections. They do not reach their optimum size as adults, their brains are affected which results in low IQs and they are at greater risk of infection which kills may children during their early years.

Child malnutrition also impacts on education fulfilment. Vitamin A deficiency reduces immunity and increases the incidence and gravity of infectious diseases which results in increased school absenteeism. The degree of cognitive impairments is directly related to the Iron Deficiency Anaemia and severity of stunting.

Maternal malnutrition increases the risk of poor pregnancy outcomes including premature or low-birth-weight babies, obstructed labour, and postpartum haemorrhage. Severe anaemia during pregnancy is linked to increased mortality.

Low-birth-weight is a significant contributor to infant mortality. Moreover, low birth-weight babies who survive are likely to suffer growth retardation and illness throughout their life. Growth-retarded adult women are likely to carry on the vicious cycle of malnutrition by giving birth to low birth-weight babies.

Wednesday, 10 October 2018


About Conference

ME Conferences takes the immense Pleasure to invite participants from all over the world to attend the "2nd International Conference on Tropical and Infectious Diseases”, to be held in Bali, Indonesia during November 21-22, 2019. The conference program focuses on “ Innovative approaches for Infectious Diseases, Prevention and Control”. This gathering will strengthen the ideas about infectious Diseases and different aspects related to it. We attempt to provide a perfect stage to Researchers, Scholars, and key Speakers to share data and experiences and empower people with their deep knowledge of Human Infectious Diseases and aspire them to fight against the worldwide risk related to it. The convention meeting consists of discussion and workshops, keynote speeches, absolute talks, poster presentations, e-Poster introductions and a panel session on cutting-edge research traits within the field of Infectious diseases , Prevention, Control and Diagnosis of emerging Diseases.

Tropical Diseases 2019 is the only meeting where you can learn about Infectious Diseases from a variety of perspectives, both research-based and clinical. We will discuss the newest therapeutic techniques and diagnostic tools as well as the most up-to-date research on genetic, etiology, diagnostic, clinical aspects and novel therapies of Infectious diseases. Global Infections Conferences provides the time to collaborate with industry peers and discover knowledge and resources that can be used to achieve your personal and organizational goals. Infectious diseases meet incorporates, visitor addresses, keynotes, symposiums, workshops, presentations, board talks, poster sessions, and various summits for the all over participants. This meeting will unite many representatives which include worldwide Specialists, Researchers, Analysts, Understudies, Nurses, Exhibitors, Investigators, Microbiologists, Pathologists, Pharmacists, Professors and Industrial Pharmaceuticals and Business delegates everywhere in the globe to connect us Bali in November 2019 for the 2-day Tropical Diseases meet.

Why Tropical Diseases 2019?

  • Poster - paper presentations and world-class exhibitions
  • Opportunities to gain a deeper understanding of the topic
  • Intensifying  Interactive knowledge
  • Meet Academics and Industrial professionals to get inspired
  • Great credits for the work in progress
  • Valuable talks and symposiums from renowned speakers
  • Meaningful sessions and accomplishments

With members from over the world focused on learning about Infectious diseases and its advances; this is your best opportunity to reach the largest assemblage of participants from the Disease biology community. Conduct presentations, distribute information, meet with current and potential scientists, make a splash with new advancements and developments in Infectious Diseases, and receive name recognition at this 2-days event.

Target Audience

  • Microbiologists
  • Pathologists
  • Epidemiologists
  • Dermatologists
  • Allergists
  • Immunologists
  • Pediatricians
  • Physicians
  • Pharmacists
  • Neurologists
  • Veterinary Doctors
  • Infection Prevention and Infection Control Specialists
  • Academic and Health care Professionals
  • Students
  • Research Associates
  • Health Care Associations & Societies
  • Medical & Pharmacy Companies
  • Medical Devices and drug Manufacturing Companies
  • Laboratory Technicians and Diagnostic Companies
  • Business Entrepreneurs and Industrialists

Conference Highlights

Special Issues

  •  All accepted abstracts will be published in respective Supporting International Journals.
  •  Abstracts will be provided with Digital Object Identifier by Cross Ref.